Grinding and Polishing Manufacturer

Grinding and polishing involve a step-by-step reduction of the roughness of a surface to access the undeformed structure. Grinding uses fixed abrasives—the abrasive particles are bonded to the paper or platen—for fast stock removal. Polishing uses free abrasives on cloth; the abrasive particles are suspended in a lubricant and can roll or slide across the cloth and specimen. This process is based on using abrasive particles in progressively finer grain sizes. In materialographic grinding, these abrasives are bonded in resin or metal matrix, with the most frequently used grinding abrasives being silicon carbide particles. These particles are often used when working with softer, medium or hard materials, composites and electronics. It is also possible to utilize diamond particles for harder components like ceramics, carbides, glass or stone.

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Grinding and Polishing FAQ

What is the grit type?

Grit type is either aluminum oxide (white, pink, ruby red, brown, grey, etc.) silicon carbide (black or green), ceramic (blue and pink) or any combination of these. Grit types are sometimes mixed in combination for achieving certain cutting characteristics.  Aluminum oxide is friable (white) or semi-friable (pink, brown and grey, red,

Form and shape of the abrasive:

This decision is made by determining how the abrasive will be used by the individual. Abrasives are sold in forms such as sheets, large/small discs, belts, and large/small rolls. Selecting the right form is determined by whether the abrasive will be used for hand. sanding, applied to a large disc

What is porosity?

Porosity is defined as the gas proportion (cavity volume) of a particle’s total volume. It can be determined using different measurement techniques, such as gas adsorption and mercury porosimetry. With the same grain size and shape, a lower bulk density corresponds to a higher porosity of the grains.

What is grit size?

Grit size typically runs from coarse (16 -24 grit), medium (36 – 60 grit) and fine (80-120 grit).  Superfine grits run from 150 and higher.  Grinding wheels usually will be between 24 and 100 grit.  Honing stones and jointing stones and other polishing abrasives will be 150 grit and higher. 

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